X11 are not part of the default Solaris 11-setup, and if you want stuff like Oracle Database you may feel the urge of having X11 to perform the installation. I did a fresh install of 11.2 on a Dell PowerEdge R610, and wanted a GUI for easy testing of VirtualBox etc.
In order to install the necessary components you should have success following these steps
Issuing this command (either as root or sudo-style) will install the necessary libs
root@solaris:~# pkg install SUNWarc SUNWbtool SUNWhea SUNWlibms SUNWmfrun SUNWxorg-client-programs SUNWxorg-clientlibs SUNWxwfsw pkg://solaris/SUNWxwplt truetype/fonts-core
This does not install any GDM, and most likely you won’t have any installed
root@solaris:~# svcs -xv gdm svc:/application/graphical-login/gdm:default (?) State: - Reason: Service is incomplete, defined only by profile /etc/svc/profile/generic.xml. To install this service, identify and install the package which provides the service's primary manifest. Use "pkg search 'svc\:/application/graphical-login/gdm\:default'" to identify th e package, then "pkg install <pkg>" to install the indicated package. Impact: This service is not running.
root@solaris:~# pkg search 'svc\:/application/graphical-login/gdm\:default'
INDEX ACTION VALUE PACKAGE org.opensolaris.smf.fmri set svc:/application/graphical-login/gdm:default pkg:/firstname.lastname@example.org root@solaris:~# pkg install gdm Packages to install: 41 Services to change: 9 Create boot environment: No Create backup boot environment: No DOWNLOAD PKGS FILES XFER (MB) SPEED Completed 41/41 7025/7025 48.8/48.8 546k/s
PHASE ITEMS Installing new actions 13669/13669 Updating package state database Done Updating package cache 0/0 Updating image state Done Creating fast lookup database Done Updating package cache 1/1
Most likely you’d also like a desktop environment as well, so you need to install more stuff
root@solaris:~# pkg install solaris-desktop Packages to install: 225 Services to change: 11 Create boot environment: No Create backup boot environment: Yes DOWNLOAD PKGS FILES XFER (MB) SPEED desktop/compiz/ccsm 11/225 2713/30840 21.5/400.0 588k/s
When the installation has completed just do a reboot and if graphics card has been detected successfully AND is supported you will be greeted with a nice Solaris GUI